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Learning at U-Vet


Pathology Residency Program


Goal of Training

The goals of this training program will be
  1. to acquire knowledge sufficient to assume responsibility for the broad spectrum of assessment and interpretation of specimens, problems and situations encountered by veterinary clinical pathologists. 
  2. to acquire skills in research in pathology and clinical pathology
  3. to fulfil the credential requirements for the following examinations:
    • Membership of the Pathobiology Chapter of the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists
    • Certifying Examinations of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists in Clinical Pathology
    Phase I – General Pathology
    Phase II – Haematology, Clinical Biochemistry & Cytology-Surgical Pathology.

Training Objectives

Training objectives are as per the ASVCP Guidelines for Resident Training in Veterinary Clinical Pathology 1,2,3 , summarised as follows:
Objectives – Knowledge
  • A clinical pathology resident will describe, explain, and identify concepts in haematology, clinical chemistry and cytopathology and surgical pathology practice.
  • A clinical pathology resident will describe, explain, and identify concepts of pathophysiology in domestic, nondomestic, and laboratory animal species.
Objectives – Abilities
  • A clinical pathology resident will develop the ability to select appropriate tests and accurately interpret haematology data, clinical chemistry data.
  • A clinical pathology resident will develop the ability to process and analyse cytopathology and surgical biopsy specimens.
  • A clinical pathology resident will develop the ability to carry out investigative problem-solving and hypothesis-driven research.
Objectives – Laboratory operational and technical skills
  • A clinical pathology resident will acquire technical and management skills used in the haematology and clinical chemistry and cytopathology laboratory.

Training Program

The residency program typically begins mid-January and is three years in length. Over those three years, residents are expected to fulfil the credential requirements for the following examinations:
  • Membership of the Pathobiology Chapter of the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists
  • Certifying Examinations of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists in Clinical Pathology
    - Phase I – General Pathology
    - Phase II – Haematology, Clinical Biochemistry & Cytology-Surgical Pathology.
Residents will study primarily in the veterinary clinical pathology laboratory, and will be enrolled as full time graduate students and must complete a:
  1. Coursework post-graduate degree, the Masters of Veterinary Studies (MVS), and 
  2. Research training degree, the Masters of Veterinary Science (Clinical) (MVSc [Clinical]) 
The Master of Veterinary Studies (MVS) provides advanced clinical and didactic training in the University of Melbourne's veterinary clinical laboratory and veterinary hospital under the mentorship of registered specialists in each discipline. Members of the Faculty who are also members of the American, Australian and European specialty colleges of Internal Medicine, Neurology, Diagnostic Imaging, Anatomic Pathology, and Equine Medicine contribute to the training of each resident.

The Masters of Veterinary Science (Clinical) is a clinical research training degree program. Time is dedicated free from clinical pathology case-based study to allow completion of the research project.

The clinical pathology training program will involve the following elements:
  • Regular participation in, and responsibility for, portions of the clinical pathology service, teaching, and research. This will include the following:
    - Evaluation of haematologic and cytologic specimens from general practice and the UOM referral hospital
    - Evaluation of clinical chemistry data from general practice and the UOM referral hospital
    - Participation in laboratory quality assurance and control
    - Tuition of final year Doctor of Veterinary Medicine students in clinical pathology
    - Assistance with pathology practical classes for first, second and third year Doctor of Veterinary Medicine students
  • Academic studies designed to provide adequate understanding of the basic principles of pathophysiology, with access to the University of Melbourne library and pathology department resources including case material to gain practical experience in performing professional duties. 
  • Evaluation and interpretation of cytologic, biochemical, immunological and molecular biological examinations of blood, urine, body fluids, and other specimens obtained from animals. Interpretation includes correlating test results with clinical findings.
  • Mentoring by an ACVP Board Certified Clinical Pathologist. The mentor or mentor's peer will be available to the trainee on a daily basis for consultation and advice.
  • Training in gross pathology and histopathologic evaluation of surgical biopsy specimens. 
  • Training in selected related discipline rotations e.g. small animal medicine, oncology, equine medicine, imaging
References
  1. Christopher MM, Stokol T, Sharkey L. Guidelines for resident training in veterinary clinical pathology. I. Clinical Chemistry. Vet Clin Pathol. 2003;32(4):202-208.
  2. Sharkey L, Wellman M, Christopher MM. Guidelines for resident training in veterinary clinical pathology. II. Hematology. Vet Clin Pathol. 2006;35(4):382-387.
  3. Kidney BA, Dial SM, Christopher MM. Guidelines for resident training in veterinary clinical pathology. III. Cytopathology and surgical pathology. Vet Clin Pathol. 2009;38(3):281-287.


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